Sanskrit : Conjuncts with र



Conjuncts with र

The consonant र is special in that conjuncts where र occurs as the first consonant are written using a special ligature.  In these conjuncts, the presence of र is indicated by a shape resembling a hook above the last consonant of the conjunct.

Let us look at a few examples.
[Note that the display of conjuncts varies based upon your Unicode display implementation - not all conjuncts may be displayed correctly.]


+

=
र्क



+

=
र्त



+

+

=
र्क्य

+

+

=
र्त्य

र combines with almost every other consonant and one finds several words in Sanskrit with र as well as य in a conjunct.

Earlier, we had mentioned about a conjunct with five consonants.  Here is the word with the conjunct.

[image of quintuple conjuct]

Let us now look at some conjucts in which र appears as the second or third consonant.  We have already seen that र belongs to the group of semivowels.  Most consonants will combine with र and the resulting conjunct will usually end with र and an appropriate vowel.  The presence of र in the conjunct will be seen through a special stroke added to the first consonant.  Please observe the following carefully and remember the writing method for the consonant.

क्र
=

+

च्र
=

+

ट्र
=

+

त्र
=

+

प्र
=

+

म्र
=

+


Sanskrit books printed during the early part of the twentieth century may show variations from the above.  
[Source ends prematurely here.]


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Unicode conversion from original site (IIT Madras) completed by Walter Stanish. Hosted at pratyeka.