Sanskrit : Semi-vowels, sibilants, etc.



Semi-vowels, sibilants, etc.

The sixth group of consists of three subgroups.


Semivowels





ya ra
la
va


Sibilants



śa
sa
sa


Aspirate



ha



sounds like the 'y' in young.

sounds like the real 'r', similar to the Scottish pronunciation.

sounds like the 'l' in laugh.

sounds like the 'v' in vast.

has no direct equivalent in English.  It is like the 'g' a German would say when speaking English and saying "Germany".

sounds like the first sound in shall.

is similar to the 's' in same.

sounds like the 'h' in harmony.

There are three other consonants that one finds in use.


क्ष 
झ 
la
ksa
jna


is usually included in the semi-vowels.

It is similar to ऌ but is pronounced with the tip of the tongue folded back.
क्ष 
is usually a conjunct being क + ष
झ 
is also a conjunct, ज + ञ

The first and the third are used frequently in old Sanskrit texts.  The second is in common use today.


Continue to consonant vowel combinations.

Back to Sanskrit contents.


Unicode conversion from original site (IIT Madras) completed by Walter Stanish. Hosted at pratyeka.