Sanskrit : Short Vowels



The Vowels


In Sanskrit, the vowels form an independant group from the consonants. There are fifteen vowels which comprise five short ones, eight long ones and two support vowels. Among these fifteen, only thirteen are in normal use these days.

The vowels are called "swaras" in Sanskrit.

Devanagari Script : Short Vowels






a
i
u
r
l


is pronounced as in cup, bus, etc.

is pronounced as in inform, init., etc.

is pronounced as in look, book, etc.

has no direct equivalent and is pronounced somewhere between ri and ru, like crystal.

is also like ऋ and is pronounced somewhere between li and lu, similar to glycerine.


Continue to long vowels.

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